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专题研究
八年级英语备课组Unit6教案
发布日期:2015/1/7     信息来源:本站

Period 3 Grammar

Teaching aims and demands:

1.To make sure the students understand the use of to-infinitives for purpose.

2.To be able to use verbs + objects + to-infinitives to make sentences.

Important points: the use of to-infinitives

Teaching steps:

Step1 Presentation

Translation

1.他来上海拜访他的朋友。

2.政府应该立法来保护野生生物。

3.为了省钱,她每天回家吃午饭。

4.为了赢得下个月的比赛,他们每天刻苦训练。

Use these sentences to give the students some examples about to-infinitives for purpose.

Step 2 Introduce the uses of to-infinitives for purpose

We can use to-infinitives to express purpose.

e.g. I often go to the market to watch birds.

Now the Chinese government has made laws to prevent all these things.

We can also use in order to to express purposes. This is more formal than to-

infinitives.

e.g. Some people want to make the wetlands smaller in order to have more space for farms and buildings.

    Take a notebook with you in order to write down what you see.

Step 3 Exercises

1.Match the first parts of the sentences on the left with the second parts on the right.

Write the correct letters in the blanks.(Page 73)

2.More exercises

1.我呆在那儿看看会发生什么。

(I stayed there to /in order to see what would happen.)

2.为了不忘记,他记下了我的电话号码。

(He wrote down my telephone number in order not to forget it.)

3.为了赶上早班车,今天早上我很早就起床了。

(In order to catch the early bus, I got up early this morning.)

Step 4 Using verbs + objects + to-infinitives

1 We can use some verbs with objects and to-infinitives.

e.g. We are now inviting them to help us.

We need more people to count and describe the birds.

2 We add not before to-infinitives to express a negative meaning.

e.g. We ask people not to catch birds for any reason.

3 Pay attention to these words:

We often use these verbs in this structure.

advise  ask  cause  encourage  get  help  invite  order   teach     tell

4 Special words

We can use some verbs in this structure with infinitives without to.

make or  let + object + infinitive without to

   Max tells funny jokes and often makes me laugh.

   Mr Wu agreed to let me join their school trip.

see or hear + object + infinitive without to

   She saw a baby panda drink her mother's milk.

   Millie and Amy heard someone sing in the park.

help + object + infinitive without to

   This will help people (to) understand the importance of the wetlands.

Step 5 Exercises

1.Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Ss’ books Page 74)

2. More exercises

1.我父亲经常鼓励我问老师问题。

(My father often encourages me to ask the teacher questions.)

2.李老师教我们打篮球两年了。

(Mr Li has taught us to play basketball for two years.)

3.语文老师让我们抄写这篇文章两遍。

(The Chinese teacher made us copy the article twice.)

4. 为了及时到达那儿,他们很早就动身了。

(In order to get there in time, they set off early.)

5.为了通过期末考试,我们必须更努力学习。

(We must study harder in order to pass the final exams.)

Step 6 Homework

Recite the related phrases with to-infinitives.



Period 4  Integrated skills

Teaching aims and demands: 

1. To listen to tape for details in order to extract factual information.   

2. To do a quiz before listening may help the students to focus on the information they are trying to get. 

3. To understand the information obtained from listening and know how to response to it by writing a report.  

Key points: 

1. To listen to tape for details in order to extract factual information. 

Difficult points: To understand the information obtained from listening and know how to response to it by writing a report. 

Teaching aids: tape 

Teaching methods:  Listening reading and writing 

Teaching procedures:

Step 1 Lead-in

Show a map of nature reserves in China in order to present Yancheng Nature Reserve.

2.Introduce Yancheng Nature Reserve to the students.

盐城自然保护区是以丹顶鹤为主的珍禽自然保护区。1982年由江苏省设立。俗称栖鹤滩。位于江苏省中部,包括盐城市属响水、滨海、 射阳、大丰4县及东台市东部黄海沿岸。该区面对黄海,由古黄河三角洲和长江三角洲所存泥沙在黄海和东海波浪冲撞作用及潮汐作用下形成,沿海滩涂长达444公里,为淤泥质平原海岸的典型代表。区内河流众多,沼泽湿地发育,生物资源丰富,核心区的生态系统基本处于原始状态。鸟类有315种,其中属国家一级保护的9种,二级保护的33种。

A. Teach the new words.

Step 2 New lesson

1.Read the quiz on page 75 and help Daniel choose the correct answer to each question.

2.Listen to the first part of a radio programme. Check whether you chose the correct answers .

The teacher can play the tape for more times according to the levels of the students.

3.Listen to the whole radio programme and help him complete the report.

Step 3 Presentation

T: I want to go birdwatching with friends in Yancheng Nature Reserve.Can you give us some advice before we go?

Give the students some time to think over then give the advice.

Step 4 Speak up

1 Listen to the conversation and answer this question:

What advice does Sandy give to Daniel?

2 Read the conversation and answer more questions:

What is the use of a pair of binoculars ?

(It helps people see more clearly.)

Why should Daniel take a notebook with him?

(He can write down what he sees.)

How many pieces of advice does Sandy give?

(Three.)

Step 5 Practice

Work in pairs and ask for advice on an activity.

Step 6 Language points

cover  n. 封面(C),庇护所 (U)  v. 覆盖,包括

e.g. 湿地为野生生物提供庇护所。

The wetlands provide cover for wildlife.

我们学校占地面积为3000平方米。

Our school covers an area of 3000 square metres.

把你的名字写在书的封面上。

Write your name on the cover of your book.

Step 7 Exercises

1.盐城自然保护区是很多野生生物的家园。

(Yancheng Nature Reserve is home to lots of wildlife.)

2.这个建筑物的面积有1000平方米。

(The building covers an area of 1000 square metres.)

(The building is 1000 square metres in area.)

3.公园是放风筝最完美的地方。

(Parks are perfect places to fly kites.)

Step 8 Homework

Write a letter to your friend to ask for information before going birdwatching.



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